Children under 7 years are completely excluded from being prosecuted under criminal law. Children aged between 7 to 12 years are excluded if the court believes that they did not understand the consequence of their actions.

Preliminary Assessment of a child’s crime

Last updated on Apr 8, 2022

A preliminary assessment is conducted when a heinous offence is committed by a child over the age of 16. This is an attempt to find out whether the child was mature enough to understand their action and the consequences of them when they committed the crime. If the child was mature enough, the proceedings need to be conducted in the same way an adult would be. The Board can take the help of trained psychologists and experts to arrive at its conclusions but must complete the inquiry within 3 months.


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