My child is in a school and is getting education free of cost, but I need to transfer to another city. Will my child get free education in that city? What procedure should I follow?

A child may also seek transfer to another school for any reason whatsoever for completing his/her elementary education. Such transfers may be to any school, in any state in India, except for specific category schools and unaided private schools. The head-teacher or in-charge of the previous school shall immediately issue a transfer certificate, if the same is sought. If the head-teacher or in-charge of the school delays the issuance of a transfer certificate, he/she  shall be liable for disciplinary action under the service rules applicable.1 

Furthermore, the delay in production of the transfer certificate cannot be made a ground for delaying or denying admission to a new school.2  Consequently, even if they don’t have documents like a transfer certificate and age proof, children must be given admission to a school.

  1. Section 5, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.[]
  2. Provisio 1, Section 5, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.[]

How is the Child’s age determined for admissions in schools under right to education law?

For the purposes of admission to elementary schools under the Right to Education law, the age of the child is determined by way of an age of proof. The age of proof may include the child’s birth certificate or any other document which may be prescribed. In some cases the parents are required to confirm the child’s age by a written declaration or an affidavit. However, the child cannot be denied admission in case of a lack of proof towards age. 1

  1. Section 14, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.  Application Form For Admission In Govt./Govt. Aided School Directorate Of Education, Govt. Of Nct Of Delhi, available at, http://edudel.nic.in/upload/upload_2019_20/admission_form_28022019.PDF[]

The government shut the school my child was studying in. What can I do?

If the government shuts down the school a child is currently studying in, in its order for shutting down, the government shall provide the directions regarding other neighbourhood schools that children of a closing school shall be admitted into.1

In case of a failure of the government in providing for such directions, you may approach the local authorities or another neighbourhood school.

  1. Section 18(3), The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.[]

What is the school management committee?

All schools run by the government or substantially aided by Government, including private schools, are mandated to form a School Management Committee (SMC). The SMC composes of the elected representatives of the local authority and the parents, with ¾th of the committee composed of parents of the children admitted in school. The SMC is devised to monitor the working of the school, prepare development plans for the school, monitor utilisation of grants for the school etc. However, the SMC for minority schools and aided schools shall perform advisory functions only. The SMC is vested with the responsibility of devising a School Development Plan, based on which the school shall receive grants and measures of government planning.1

  1. Section 21 and 22, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.[]